Menopause and Hormone Replacement Therapy

Although menopause is a naturally occurring event, typically occurring around age 51, it’s a recent phenomenon in human history, as large numbers of women and people with vulvas typically didn’t live that long in the past.

Experiencing perimenopausal symptoms brings up many questions and concerns for women, or people with vulvas. Unfortunately, the very low hormonal milieu following menopause results in a long list of menopausal symptoms and health consequences.

A short list of menopause symptoms includes:

  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep disturbances, including insomnia and sleep apnea
  • Mood swings, including irritability, sadness, and tension
  • Shifts in libido
  • Cognitive deficits, including poor concentration and verbal memory problems
  • Social impairment, including disruption of family relationships and social isolation
  • Work-related difficulties, including reduced productivity
  • Other quality-of-life impairment, including embarrassment, anxiety, and fatigue

A few of the very important lifelong medical consequences can include heart attack, stroke, bone loss, osteoporosis, fractures, cognitive dysfunction, dementia, and Parkinson’s.

There are both hormonal and non-hormonal treatment options for people suffering from these symptoms and/or wishing to avoid these medical problems. Some of these treatments pose risks for certain patients, but most have very few risks and can be used by almost everyone. Proper balancing of hormones (estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone) is critical for proper success.

At IntimMedicine, we work closely with patients and their partners: providing education, answering questions and, together, developing a unique, effective plan to manage menopause and perimenopausal symptoms.

You may find our  Partner’s Guide to Menopause helpful.

Other Conditions Treated

If you would like to schedule an appointment with one of our practitioners about premenopausal symptoms or managing menopause, please call us at 202-293-1000.